Options for Social Security Benefits and Retirement
Retiring At Full Retirement Age- To retire, you must have earned 40 credits. See the table below to determine your full retirement age.
|Year of Birth*||Full Retirement Age|
|1937 or earlier||65|
|1938||65 and 2 months|
|1939||65 and 4 months|
|1940||65 and 6 months|
|1941||65 and 8 months|
|1942||65 and 10 months|
|1955||66 and 2 months|
|1956||66 and 4 months|
|1957||66 and 6 months|
|1958||66 and 8 months|
|1959||66 and 10 months|
|1960 or later||67|
Retiring Early – If you’ve earned 40 credits, you can start receiving Social Security benefits at 62 or at any month between 62 and full retirement age. However, your benefits will be permanently reduced based on the number of months you receive benefits before you reach full retirement age. If you retire before your full retirement age of 65, your benefits will be reduced:
If your full retirement age is 66, they will be reduced:
Receiving Retirement Benefits While You Work—You can work while receiving monthly benefits. And it could mean a higher benefit that can be important to you later in your life and increase the future benefits your family and survivors could receive.
SSA will review your record each year to see whether the additional earnings would increase your monthly benefit. If there’s an increase, SSA will send you a notice of your new benefit amount. Earnings in or after the month you reach full retirement age won't reduce your Social Security benefits. However, if you receive benefits before reaching your full retirement age, your benefit amount will be reduced.
- In the year you reach full retirement age, $1 in benefits will be deducted for each $3 you earn above the annual limit ($41,880 in 2015) until the month you reach full retirement age. After that, your benefits will not be reduced, no matter how much you earn.
- In the years before you reach full retirement age, $1 in benefits will be deducted for each $2 you earn above the limit ($15,720 in 2015).
If you lose benefits because of work, your benefit will be increased later to account for the months you didn’t receive a benefit before reaching full retirement age.
Delaying Retirement- You may decide to continue working beyond your full retirement age without choosing to receive benefits. If so, your benefit will be increased by a certain percentage for each month you don’t receive benefits between your full retirement age and age 70. This table shows the rate your benefits increase if you delay retiring.
|Year Of Birth||Yearly Increase Rate|
|1931 - 1932||5.0%|
|1933 - 1934||5.5%|
|1935 – 1936||6.0%|
|1937 – 1938||6.5%|
|1939 – 1940||7.0%|
|1941 – 1942||7.5%|
|1943 or later||8.0%|